What is it? Online remote learning is learning, teaching and support carried out in the absence of face-to-face contact. It relies on digital tools and platforms, and often requires the use of an internet connection.

Evidence?  Generally, findings on remote learning are not based on a large body of literature.  There is a lack of rigorous and causal evidence, particularly in the context of COVID-19.

Should HEPs adopt remote learning? The existing evidence suggests that remote learning can be as, if not more, efficient than in-person learning. However, its efficiency is highly dependent on a number of design choices. Moreover, efficient online teaching should be carefully planned. This planning is not possible with emergency remote teaching, where the priority is to adapt promptly to unforeseen crisis circumstances.